spartina alterniflora name change

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Mullins P H, Marks T C, 1987. Spartina alterniflora with high tolerance to salt stress changes vegetation pattern by outcompeting native species Long Tang School of Human Settlements and Civil Engineering, Xi′an Jiaotong University, 28 Xianning West Road, Xi′an 710049 China Journal of Ecology, UK. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. pilosa Merr. BASIONYM: Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. glabra (Muhl. The scientific name Spartina alterniflora was updated to Sporobolus alterniflorus. Spartina alterniflora was introduced to the bare flat land of the reserve in 1983 and has rapidly expanded throughout the coasts (Yang et al., 2013). Spartina alterniflora (Smooth Cordgrass) is a species of marsh grass native to the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States, where it is considered a valuable plant making important contributions to the coastal ecology: Its dense growth provides protection against storm surge and “erosion control along shorelines, canal banks, levees, and other areas of… glabra Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. Flowering phenology and seed production of Spartina anglica. ex Elliott : Spartina laevigata Bosc ex Link : Spartina merrillii A. Chev. Corrected chromosome numbers for Spartina X townsendii and its parent species. var. Changes in biomass, ChemiCal Composition and nutritive value of Spartina alterniflora due to organiC pollution in the itanhaém river basin (sp, brazil) biudes, J. f. v.1,2 and Camargo, a. f. m.1,2 1 programa de ós graduação em aquicultura, Centro de quicultura da universidade estadual aulista – Caunesp, ... Spartina alterniflora Loisel. ex Bigelow) Fernald: SPALP: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Name Reference IPCN Reference Gametophytic Count Sporophytic Count Country ; Spartina alterniflora Loisel. PAPGI. Although many studies have been conducted on the interspecific competition between new arrivals and native plants, few of them have demonstrated how these processes interact with non-resource factors to determine vegetation pattern. Evolution in Spartina (Gramineae) II. The Plants Database includes the following 13 species of Spartina . The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. It has been reported that the invasion of Spartina alterniflora changed the soil microbial community in the mangrove ecosystem in China, especially the bacterial community, although the response of soil fungal communities and soil microbial ecological functions to the invasion of Spartina alterniflora remains unclear. Stand of medium-height Spartina alterniflora. Choose Project. English. Details; Images (6) Synonyms (152) Accepted Names (1) References (39) Subordinate Taxa; … Abstract: A Surface Elevation Table (SET) is used to measure changes in the elevation of the marsh platform in fertilization plots of a Spartina alterniflora-dominated marsh on the Goat Island, North Inlet, Georgetown, SC. Tropicos. How to say spartina alterniflora in English? Photo Steven Pennings. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. As such, it is no surprise that this classification change has been slow to catch on in Coastal South Carolina. Exotic Spartina alterniflora has become widely distributed along most of the coastlines in China in a wide range of inundation frequencies. English. China. However, the assembly processes and co-occurrence patterns of the bacterial community in S. alterniflora wetlands under different inundation frequencies remain elusive. Symbol Scientific Name; SPALG: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. [1] Es originario de las regiones templadas de América, Europa y África Estuaries and Coasts. Pure S. alterniflora grows within the lower elevational marsh zones in its native range but, in San Francisco Bay, its hybrids with S. foliosa grow both below and above the range of that species. Trachynotia alterniflora Steud. 62: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Nature (London) 199: 929. var. 75 (4), 1037-1048. Patten K, 2002. We conducted a 4-month mesocosm study to analyze the multiple stressor effects of precipitation changes, sea level rise, and eutrophication on the salt marsh plant Spartina alterniflora. Search by expertise, name or affiliation. Background The Yancheng coastal natural wetlands (YCNR) are well-preserved silty tidal flat wetlands in China. Latitudinal trends in Spartina alterniflora productivity and the response of coastal marshes to global change. Spartina brasiliensis Raddi : Spartina glabra Muhl. glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178. Home > Name Search > Spartina alterniflora Loisel. In the present study, plant tissues of Spartina alterniflora from controlled metal exposure experiments were subjected to a field decomposition trial at different tidal levels in a tidal flat of Chongming Island, Shanghai. 1963. Spartina alterniflora with high tolerance to salt stress changes vegetation pattern by outcompeting native species LONG TANG, 1 YANG GAO,2 BO LI,3 QING WANG,4 CHENG-HUAN WANG,5 AND BIN ZHAO 3, 1School of Human Settlements and Civil Engineering, Xi 0an Jiaotong University, 28 Xianning West Road, Xi an 710049 China 2Institute of Water Resources and Hydro-electric Engineering, Xi’an … Although the invasion of Spartina alterniflora changes the taxa with certain ecological functions, it may not change the potential ecological functions of soil microorganisms (i.e., the potential metabolic pathways of bacteria, nutritional patterns, and fungal associations). DC. Due to the severe invasion of Spartina alterniflora, the native ecosystem has undergone great changes. Although the settlement of S. alterniflora was over 30 yr, a large area of wetlands has been lost due to reclamation. Estuarine Research Federation, Port Republic, MD, 39(5):1376-1385, (2016). According to the key S. Spartina alterniflora Loisel (smooth cordgrass) is the dominant salt marsh-building plant along the US Atlantic coast. Mapping the spread of its invasion is a necessary first step for the implementation of effective ecological management strategies. alterniflora (Loisel.) The changes brought about by Spartina are ulti- Merr. For over two hundred years, Smooth Cordgrass has been referenced in the genus Spartina. We will address the impacts of Spartina on benthic systems in these two regions with a par-ticular focus on infaunal and epifaunal commu-nities and the changes in physical and chemical processes in the sediment environment. Spartina alterniflora specimen from UGAMI herbarium. New World Grasses. Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) control with imazapyr. Spartina maritima var. Spartina alterniflora is an aggressive invasive plant species that replaces native species, changes the structure and function of the ecosystem across coastal wetlands in China, and is thus a major conservation concern. The decomposition of salt marsh plants is affected by the variation of physiochemical factors caused by the change of tide level. Spartina glabra Muhl. Spartina, es un género de plantas herbáceas perteneciente a la familia de las poáceas. Matthew L. … Spartina alterniflora has also been found to hybridize with S. foliosa, producing offspring Spartina alterniflora × S. foliosathat may be an even greater threat than S. alterniflora by itself. 1968. Journal of Ecology. Marsh surface elevation data in fertilization plots of a Spartina alterniflora-dominated salt marsh at Goat Island, North Inlet, Georgetown, SC. The hybrid can physically modify the environment to the detriment of native species, [12] and the hybrid populations have spread into creeks , bays , and more remote coastal locations. Plants may be > 2 m tall along creekbanks and only 20 cm tall on the marsh platform. Spartina alterniflora is now a major weed problem in southeastern China (Normile 2004). IPCN. While managers require good information on the net impact of these combined stressors on wetlands, little such information exists. Spartina, S. alterniflora has colonized habitats throughout most of this bay. Rapid invasion of Spartina alterniflora in coastal wetlands throughout the world has attracted much attention. Large-scale coastal reclamation has caused significant changes in Spartina alterniflora (S. alterniflora) distribution in coastal regions of China. Spartina glabra var. Responses of Spartina alterniflora to Multiple Stressors: Changing Precipitation Patterns, Accelerated Sea Level Rise, and Nutrient Enrichment. Spartina glabra var. However, few studies have focused on estimation of the wetland vegetation biomass, especially of S. alterniflora, in coastal regions using LiDAR and hyperspectral data. pilosa (Merr.) 509-521. 1916. Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Spartina species. Spartina serves as a keystone element in the Lowcountry’s saltmarsh environment.. March heralds the arrival of spring here on Hilton Head Island.While the rest of the country may look to budding trees to indicate winter’s conclusion, here in the Lowcountry, our marsh grass paints the canvas of seasonal change. Trachynotia alterniflora (Loisel.) Spartina alterniflora Die-back in Louisianna: Time-course Investigation of Soil Waterlogging Effects. Marchant, C. J. Marchant, C. J. Spartina alterniflora var. Spartina glabra Spartina alterniflora flower spike . Latitudinal trends in Spartina alterniflora productivity and the response of coastal marshes to global change MATTHEW L. KIRWAN US Geological Survey, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Department of Environmental Science, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 29904, USA, It maintains salt marsh elevation relative to sea level by the accumulation of aboveground biomass, which promotes sediment deposition and belowground biomass, which accretes as peat. Pronunciation of spartina alterniflora with 2 audio pronunciations and more for spartina alterniflora. Photo Steven Pennings. Slow to catch on in coastal regions of China Precipitation Patterns, Accelerated Sea Level Rise, and Enrichment... Spread of its invasion is a necessary first step for the implementation of effective ecological strategies! 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